Phthalide Synthesis Essay

Abstract

The radix of Angelica sinensis (AS) is one of the most commonly used as a herbal medicine. To investigate the geoherbalism and quality evaluation of AS, an ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF/MS) method was established to analyze and identify ferulic acid and phthalides in AS. The results showed that among samples collected in four regions, the relative contents of ferulic acid and phthalides were highest in samples collected in Gansu, and the samples from the four different regions were apparently classified into four groups. Meanwhile, the relative content in non-fumigated root was higher than after sulfur-fumigation andthe sulfur-fumigated and non-fumigated sampleswere obviously divided into two groups by PCA. The paper establishes a systematic and objective evaluation system to provide a scientific basis for evaluating the quality of AS. View Full-Text

Keywords: ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry; Angelica sinensis; geoherbalism; fingerprintultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry; Angelica sinensis; geoherbalism; fingerprint

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Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, W.-L.; Huang, L.-F. Simultaneous Determination of Ferulic Acid and Phthalides of Angelica Sinensis Based on UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. Molecules2015, 20, 4681-4694.

AMA Style

Wei W-L, Huang L-F. Simultaneous Determination of Ferulic Acid and Phthalides of Angelica Sinensis Based on UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. Molecules. 2015; 20(3):4681-4694.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wei, Wen-Long; Huang, Lin-Fang. 2015. "Simultaneous Determination of Ferulic Acid and Phthalides of Angelica Sinensis Based on UPLC-Q-TOF/MS." Molecules 20, no. 3: 4681-4694.

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The two synthesis essay questions below are examples of the question type that has been one of the three free-response questions on the AP English Language and Composition Exam as of the May 2007 exam. The synthesis question asks students to synthesize information from a variety of sources to inform their own discussion of a topic. Students are given a 15-minute reading period to accommodate the additional reading required for the question.

Sample 1

Below is a sample synthesis essay question, sample scoring guidelines, comments from the Chief Reader about the sample student essays, seven sample student responses, and scoring commentary for each sample.

Approximately 300 AP English Language and Composition students from eight schools in New York, Maine, Texas, Tennessee, Washington, Florida, and New Mexico wrote responses to this synthesis topic. Students from these schools were given a 15-minute reading period followed by a 40-minute writing period in which to complete the sample synthesis assignment.

Sample 2

An additional sample synthesis essay question is provided here.

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