No Sugar Jack Davis Racism Essay Examples

Stereotypes is Jack Davis-No Sugar

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Stereotypes in Jack Davis-No Sugar.    
The characters in Jack Davis' play "No Sugar" are characters that fit colonial stereotypes (both Aboriginals and Whites) although they seem to be exaggerated. Contrasting characters reveal Ideological ideas and attitudes through things like language, often through conflict.40
The characters of White Australian descent tend to speak with pompous language, disguising their evil deeds behind kind phrases. The most obvious example of this is the character Mr. Neville. He states, with refined language, in (Act One Scene Two), that: …"if you provide the native the basic accoutrements of civilization, you’re halfway to civilizing him." This reveals a belief that Whites are unquestionably superior and that any previous Aboriginal civilization was irrelevant. The pompous statement of the Whites are juxta-posed against the more crude and blunt comments of Aboriginal characters .to show the audience the belief that whites are superior.103
The character of Mr. Neal seems like a cruel evil man which is the way the Aboriginals would probably have viewed Whites (he is a stereotype) Neal believes blacks are worthless, he lives by the words of J. Ernest Regan, that: "a little knowledge is a dangerous thing" (Act Four Scene Four), instead of trying to better Aboriginals and help them he is trying to suppress them and keep them ignorant so they will not turn into a threat to him or Whites in general. His wife Matron seems like a kind caring person, like a mother figure which is how the audience expects a Matron to be. Their conflicting beliefs (Matron promotes the idea of improving aboriginals, Mr Neal promotes ignorance and suppression) causes conflict Neal "I can’t see anything funny about this" Matron "I know you can’t" (Act two Scene Ten).143
Mr. Neal’s beliefs also conflict with the beliefs of Sister Eileen.” What do you mean that you don’t encourage natives to read?" Mr. Neal “That’s right" (Act four Scene four). She also disagrees on the methods he uses "the use of violence by your native policemen.....I’d prefer they came on their own free will" (Act four Scene four) Sister Eileen believes in improving the natives which is completely opposite to the belief held by Mr. Neal that natives should remain ignorant. Mr. Neal resents Sister Eileen’s input "bloody do-gooders" and threatens her when she speaks out "I could arrange a transfer for you to another settlement; perhaps Mulla Bulla on the edge of the Gibson Desert”.

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"Stereotypes is Jack Davis-No Sugar." 13 Mar 2018

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Jack Davis         Sugar         Stereotypes         Mother Figure         Contrasting Characters         Neal         Whites         Halfway         Deeds        

He is using his power to bend people to his will, the same way he uses his power to force young girls into sleeping with him. His cruel nature reveals the attitude that some Whites had that it was acceptable to use power or influence to control other people who he considers inferior e.g. aboriginals and females.175
Matron is aware of the deeds of Mr. Neal e.g.: the story of how Mr. Neal used to have sex with aboriginal girls and then send the babies into the fields to be killed, and she hints to him that she knows what he’s doing MATRON "As matron in charge of the hospital, I thought it was my job to allocate nursing aides" NEAL "I was only trying to help you" MATRON "Or Yourself"( Act two Scene nine) but she seems to be unable to really prevent it showing the power lies with the male which was a general belief of that time (male dominance) 105

The character Jimmy is a stereotype, drunken, aggressive, outspoken with a disregard for the law, "...Native Protector, couldn’t protect my dog from fleas" because of this there is repeated conflict involving him. Through his disruptive and aggressive behavior he reveals views held by aboriginals such as the injustice of the treatment of Aboriginals by Whites. When he is set up with the character of Mr. Neville(Act One Scene Seven) there is conflict JIMMY "Minding' me own bloody business" NEVILLE "let me give you a piece of advise: sugar catches more flies than vinegar" The conflict is caused because of the lack of sympathy or tolerance Mr. Neville shows for Jimmy. Jimmy is rebelling against this treatment by being disruptive and annoying.121
The character of Gran may represent Aboriginality through her character traits. She is proud, "Isn't that the neatest belly button you seen?" and "I brought him into the world with me own two hands.” (Act Two Scene Four), determined and stubborn. Her spirit has not been broken despite White attempts to do so. For this reason when she is juxta-posed against white characters, even those of authority she seems to get some respect from them Matron "You did a very good job granny" at the end of the play when Gran sings her song of mourning it’s as if she is mourning the loss of Aboriginality which has been caused by the Whites.114
Billy Kimberly is an example of the inner conflict many aboriginals probably felt. He seems like he is eager to please everyone and doesn’t quite know where he fits in (with aboriginals or whites). He works for the whites against the aboriginals, because of this he is labeled as a black crow or traitor (act two scene four). he does however help Joe and Mary escape by telling Mr. Neville they went a different way on the train than they actually did (Act two Scene ten)he is experiencing inner conflict because he does not seem to have a strong character and cannot make up his mind about who he should be protecting. At the end of the play when Joe and Mary are taking off he offers them his whip so they will be able to get food when they leave. His kindness is interrupted by Mr. Neal calling him and he rushes off saying "coming boss"(act four Scene ten) this shows the control Whites have over Aboriginals which is a main idea in the play.177
At the Australia day play NEVILLE "Will you be quite? Who is it, who is that fellow? Munday isn’t it, Northam. I’ve got police reports on you. You’re a trouble maker and a ringleader. You must listen to me." JIMMY "No you listen to me Mr. A.O You come an' eat supper with us, right, tonight. Bread and dripping' and black tea. Are you game to try it?" Jimmy is a strong character who is intelligent and strong minded and because of this he is able to get the opinions of all the aboriginal people heard by the whites who are important. He is showing them how the aboriginals feel about White injustice and how much inequality there is. He is almost daring Mr. Neville to try there food and have to put up what they do.135
the stereotypical characters in this play reveal ideas such as male superiority through contrasting attitudes, which are often revealed during conflict MATRON "As matron in charge of the hospital, I thought it was my job to allocate nursing aides" NEAL "I was only trying to help you" MATRON "Or Yourself"(Act two Scene nine) the inner conflict faced by aboriginals because of white attitudes is revealed through the character of Billy who doesn’t fit in with either the aboriginals or whites. Characters hold conflicting ideas such as Sister Eileen. And Mr. Neal "What do you mean that you don’t encourage natives to read?" Mr. Neal “That’s right" (Act four Scene four). These contrasting characters all reveal attitudes and ideological ideas in the play.

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Class Notes
No Sugar-Jack Davis
End Notes of No Sugar

Throughout Australian history a racist attitude towards Aboriginals has been a significant issue. The instant the early settlers arrived on our shores and colonised, the Aboriginals have been fighting for the survival of their culture. The Aboriginals have been oppressed and dominated to bring them in line with an idealistic European society. Racism, as practiced against Aborigines, has been defined as the 'conscious or unconscious belief in the superiority of persons from European ancestry, which entitles all white peoples to a position of dominance or privilege determined by racial origin'. This theme of racism has been put forward by Jack Davis in his stage play, No Sugar, the story of an Aboriginal family's fight for survival during the Great Depression. Jack Davis uses a white medium to present Aboriginal views as a revisionist text. He has used what has been termed "jarring witness" as one who questions and disrupts the versions of others. In this case the Aboriginals present their version of the past which seriously undermines accepted accounts of the official past proposed by white Australians. In communicating the racist and unfriendly attitudes of the leading white ideology, Davis constructs characters, which are continuously under fire and in opposition to the oppressing dominant white society. Davis utilises his characters to confront the audience and

take them out of their comfort zone, showing them the reality of Aboriginal treatment.Throughout the Great Depression discrimination and racism were both major issues relating to Aboriginals. Jimmy Munday, one of the more outspoken characters in No Sugar is characterised as the activist and lone Aboriginal voice that is constantly challenging dominant white principles. Jimmy is a character shown to constantly rebel against the prejudiced attitude towards Aboriginals. When the officials plan to relocate the Government Well Aboriginals, it reveals the racism in white authority, as the town wants to be devoid of all things Aboriginal, for the sole purpose of a politician winning an election. Realising he is relatively powerless against the oppressing white society Jimmy continues to treat the white authority with hatred, voicing the discrimination he feels: "You reckon blackfellas are bloody mugs. Whole town knows why we're goin. 'Coz Wetjalas in


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